Canadian Magnetic Observatories

Magnetic observatories are permanent measuring stations that monitor the geomagnetic field to very high accuracy over time scales ranging from seconds to decades and beyond. They require environments that remain stable over many years and that are free from significant cultural (magnetic) interference. In technical terminology, a magnetic observatory determines the geomagnetic field in absolute terms; that is, the measurements can be calibrated back to fundamental standards. In Canada, the magnetic observatories are operated by the Geological Survey of Canada. Currently, 14 Canadian observatories are in operation. Despite the ideal of long term stable environments, occasionally observatories must be closed or re-located. The current magnetic observatories use the CANMOS instrumentation.

The map shows current observatories. Click on a location to see detailed information about the observatory:

Map showing locaions of the Active canadian magnetic observatories

Caption: Active canadian magnetic observatories

Alert Observatory Baker Lake Observatory Brandon Observatory Cambridge Bay Observatory Eureka Observatory Fort Churchill Observatory Iqaluit Observatory Meanook Observatory Ottawa Observatory Resolute Bay Obsevatory Sanikiluaq Observatory St. John's Observatory Victoria Observatory Yellowknife Observatory
Observatory name IAGA code Orientation Latitude
(°N)
Longitude
(°E)
Alert ALE XYZF 82.497 ° N 297.647 ° E
Baker Lake BLC XYZF 64.318 ° N 263.988 ° E
Brandon BRD XYZF 49.870 ° N 260.026 ° E
Cambridge Bay CBB XYZF 69.123 ° N 254.969 ° E
Eureka EUA XYZ 80.000 ° N 274.100 ° E
Fort Churchill FCC XYZF 58.759 ° N 265.912 ° E
Glenlea
(closed)
GLN XYZF 49.645 ° N 262.880 ° E
Great Whale River
(closed)
GWC XYZF 55.300 ° N 282.250 ° E
Iqaluit IQA XYZF 63.753 ° N 291.482 ° E
Mould Bay
(closed)
MBC XYZF 76.315 ° N 240.638 ° E
Meanook MEA XYZF 54.616 ° N 246.653 ° E
Ottawa OTT XYZF 45.403 ° N 284.448 ° E
Poste de-la-Baleine
(closed)
PBQ XYZF 55.277 ° N 282.255 ° E
Resolute RES XYZF 74.690 ° N 265.105 ° E
St. John's STJ XYZF 47.595 ° N 307.323 ° E
Sanikiluaq SNK XYZF 56.500 ° N 280.800 ° E
Victoria VIC XYZF 48.520 ° N 236.580 ° E
Whiteshell
(closed)
WHS XYZF 49.80 ° N 264.750 ° E
Yellowknife YKC XYZF 62.480 ° N 245.518 ° E

For more information about IAGA, please visit the IAGA web site.